Besides the mathematical model studies, the writers cite several other pieces of evidence in support of the strategy. For example, in 1968, vaccination of 85% of schoolchildren in Tecumseh, Mich., led to a 67% lower rate of flu-like illness than was seen in a neighboring town. And in Japan, a policy of vaccinating schoolchildren against flu prevented an estimated 37,000 to 49,000 deaths per year from 1962 to 1987. “If the 70 percent threshold can be reached, then high-risk people are protected even if they are not vaccinated,” the authors assert. “Since there are about 60 million schoolchildren in the United States, about 42 million doses of vaccine would be needed to get below the epidemic threshold. Thus, even this year we would have had enough vaccine to reduce transmission in the entire country by concentrating on schoolchildren.” Feb 22, 2005 (CIDRAP News) The idea that vaccinating schoolchildren is the best way to prevent influenza throughout the US population received a boost last week with the publication of a commentary and a Texas study in separate journals. Longini and Halloran say they don’t know why the United States has never tried the approach they advocate. But they write that until the past few years, public health officials have focused on the direct protection provided by immunization and have not taken the potential indirect effects seriously. Since schoolchildren are not considered a high-risk group, they have been left out of the recommendations. Piedra PA, Gaglani MJ, Kozinetz CA, et al. Herd immunity in adults against influenza-related illnesses with use of the trivalent live attenuated influenza vaccine (CAIV-T) in children. Vaccine 2005;23(13):1540-8 [Abstract] In the following three seasons, children aged 1.5 to 18 years in the intervention communities were targeted for immunization with live-virus intranasal flu vaccine. Between 20% and 25% of the age-eligible children in the two communities were immunized. The commentary making the case for flu shots in children is offered by Ira M. Longini Jr. and M. Elizabeth Halloran in the American Journal of Epidemiology. They write that the existing flu vaccination strategy has had only a small effect on overall flu morbidity and mortality, though vaccination has an important effect on mortality in elderly people. The researchers found that illness rates in adults older than 35 in the intervention cities were reduced by 8%, 18%, and 15% in the first, second, and third years of the program, relative to the same age-group in the comparison cities. All the reductions were significant. No consistent drop in respiratory illness rates was seen in younger groups. The Baylor study was reported by Pedro A. Piedra and colleagues in Vaccine. They monitored respiratory illness rates among members of one health plan in two communities where children were targeted for vaccination and in three other communities where the usual immunization strategy was used. Baseline rates of medically attended respiratory illness, measured in the 1997-98 season, were about the same in the intervention and comparison communities. According to Longini and Halloran, several previously published reports based on mathematical models of flu epidemics predict that vaccinating 70% of children would keep the illness from reaching epidemic levels. The models indicate that vaccinating even 50% of schoolchildren would considerably reduce flu in the general population. In the commentary, two biostatisticians from Emory University in Atlanta argue that the current strategy of targeting high-risk groups has had little effect on the spread of flu and relatively little effect on flu illness and death rates. The authors say a better strategy would be to vaccinate at least 70% of schoolchildren, who are the major spreaders of flu in the general population. See also: The current CDC strategy stresses flu immunization for groups at highest risk for serious complications of flu, including the elderly, children aged 6 to 23 months, people with chronic illness, pregnant women, healthcare workers, and children on chronic aspirin therapy. The authors calculated that the program eliminated a total of 1,071 medical visits in the two cities over the 3 years. In the Texas study, researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in Houston report that vaccinating about 25% of children in two communities led to significant reductions in flu rates among adults older than 35, relative to three other cities where a conventional flu immunization strategy was used. Longini IM Jr, Halloran ME. Strategy for distribution of influenza vaccine to high-risk groups and children. Am J Epidemiol 2005;161(4):303-6 [Abstract] The authors advocate continuing to immunize high-risk groups at the current level while focusing on using the rest of the vaccine supply on schoolchildren (ages 5 to 18). That approach would provide some direct protection for high-risk people “while greatly curtailing the spread of influenza in the rest of the population by concentrating vaccine in the group most responsible for community-wide transmission.” The two articles came out the same week that researchers from the National Institutes of Health reported that the increasing flu immunization coverage of elderly people in recent decades has had no detectable impact on flu-related death rates among the elderly. That report prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to issue a statement saying it is still important for older people to get flu shots. Feb 16 CIDRAP News story “Study: Flu shots in elderly don’t cut mortality rate”
Nov 12, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – A 31-year-old Indonesian man recently died of H5N1 avian influenza, pushing the country’s death toll from the disease to 91, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported today.The man, from Riau province on Sumatra, got sick on Oct 31 and was hospitalized 3 days later, the WHO report said. He died at an avian flu referral hospital on Nov 6. His death raises the number of H5N1 cases in Indonesia to 113. The country has had 38 cases this year, 33 of them fatal.The source of the man’s infection is under investigation, and authorities are looking into the possibility of a link with a large swallow farm near his house, the WHO reported.Azizman Daad, an official from the state general hospital in Riau, said teams from Indonesia’s agriculture ministry who visited the area after the man’s death did not find any sick or dead chickens, according to an Agence France-Presse report.The man was a hospital administrator at Permata Hati Hospital in Riau province’s Duri district and was treated at the hospital before he was transferred, according to a Nov 8 report in the Jakarta Post that was published before the man’s avian flu results were known. The article did not say if the hospital where the man worked had recently treated any H5N1 case-patients.The case raises the WHO’s global H5N1 count to 335 cases with 206 deaths.See also:Nov 12 WHO statement
Jul 7, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – The World Health Organization (WHO) said today it will soon advise most countries to ease the volume of testing for novel H1N1 influenza and said testing related to recent oseltamivir-resistant cases has so far turned up no additional cases.Keiji Fukuda, MD, the WHO’s assistant director-general for health security, in an update for journalists today, said the pandemic situation is evolving rapidly across the globe, with changes occurring continuously even within individual countries.In the next few days the WHO will release its new surveillance recommendations, advising countries that have already confirmed cases to cut back on testing all suspected cases and move toward larger surveillance indicators such as influenza-like illnesses or pneumonia hospitalizations.”This will also ease the burden on labs,” he said, adding that countries will still be urged to continue testing when unusual situations surface, such as severe cases, clusters, and symptoms that haven’t previously been reported.However, Fukuda said the WHO will still advise countries that haven’t yet identified any novel H1N1 cases to continue testing people who have suspected infections.In other developments, he said the WHO’s Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on immunization met today in Geneva and is expected to forward its report to Dr. Margaret Chan, the WHO’s director-general, over the next several days. According to a notice on the group’s Web site, the agenda includes updates on novel H1N1 vaccine production, safety, regulatory issues, and discussion on key topics such as how much vaccine will be needed and which groups should be immunized first.Oseltamivir-resistant strainsRegarding the three recently identified oseltamivir (Tamiflu)-resistant novel H1N1 strains in Denmark, Japan, and Hong Kong, Fukuda said that so far there is no evidence of widespread movement of the resistant strains, that testing of the patients’ close contacts has so far identified no other infections with the strains, and that experts see no evidence of reassortment with the seasonal H1N1 strain.Influenza experts expect to see some spontaneous mutations in circulating novel H1N1 flu strains, he said.Though the patient in Hong Kong had not taken the antiviral drug oseltamivir, raising concerns that she may have contracted the infection from someone else taking the medication, the virus that caused her illness had the same mutation as the resistant viruses identified in Denmark and Japan, he said.”An important point is to continually monitor to make sure we’re not seeing widespread movement [of the antiviral-resistant strain],” Fukuda said. “And the single most important point is that we’re not recommending any clinical changes.”Varied activity in southern hemispherePandemic flu activity in the northern hemisphere is high right now, but it’s hard to predict how the virus will spread over the rest of the summer, Fukuda told reporters. In the southern hemisphere, influenza activity varies by country, with heavy activity reported in Australia and South America, but with the first cases detected in 12 African countries only over the past few weeks.The dominance of the novel flu also seems to vary by country, he said. For example, Chile is reporting that 99% of circulating strains are the pandemic virus, though Australia is seeing a mixed picture of both novel H1N1 and seasonal H3N2. In contrast, the seasonal H1N1 strain is more predominant in South Africa.”Overall for the southern hemisphere, it’s still early in their season,” he said. “In another month we’ll have a much clearer picture of how pandemic flu is spreading and if it’s crowding out seasonal flu.”Fukuda also addressed a reporter’s question about new nomenclature for the novel flu virus that has been adopted by the WHO, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). He confirmed that experts from the groups have decided to call the virus “pandemic (H1N1) 2009.” He said the groups wanted to adopt a term that is scientifically accurate, but avoids stigmatizing a geographic location or animal population.See also:Jul 7 WHO SAGE agenda on immunization
According to the E-visitor tourist check-in and check-out system, Dubrovnik has achieved record tourist results in all types of accommodation since the beginning of the year, with 17% more arrivals and 15% more overnight stays. As of September 03, three million overnight stays were realized, which is 9 days earlier than last year, not including the data on realized nautical overnight stays.From January 1 to September 02, 2017, 876.076 tourists stayed in Dubrovnik, which is as much as 17% more than in the same period in 2016. There were 2.985.324 overnight stays, ie 15% more than last year. In the first eight months, the most numerous tourists were from the United Kingdom, the United States, France, Germany, Spain, Croatia, Sweden, Australia, Italy, and Norway. Markets that stood out in the increase in the number of arrivals are: the United Kingdom (28% more), the United States (39%), China (58%), Brazil (32%), India (64%).From January 1 to September 02 this year, 455.342 guests stayed in hotel accommodation, which is an increase of 7% compared to last year, and 1.546.984 overnight stays were realized, 6% more than last year. In the first seven months of this year, there were 305.048 arrivals in private accommodation, ie 28% more than in the same period last year and 1.066.725 overnight stays, which is 23% more than in 2016.August also a record with over 210.000 arrivals Samo u kolovozu 2017.godine ostvareno je 211.965 dolazaka, što je čak 12% više nego u istom mjesecu prošle godine, te 779.763 noćenja, što je 9% više nego 2016.godine. Na prvom mjestu posjetitelja u kolovozu bili su turisti iz Ujedinjenog Kraljevstva, slijede turisti iz Francuske, Italije, Njemačke, Španjolske, SAD-a, Australije, Hrvatske, Irske i Švedske.U prvih osam mjeseci ostvareno je 864.751 dolazaka, što je 17% nego u istom razdoblju 2016.godine te 2.945.107 noćenja, odnosno 15% više nego prošle godine. “According to the announcements, excellent occupancy is expected in all forms of accommodation in the continuation of the season, and traditionally, with the arrival of September, congress events begin.”Point out from the Dubrovnik Tourist Board.
In Zagreb, a boutique wine bar Pupitres, the most popular Croatian sommelier Jelena Šimić Valentić, has been opened for all wine lovers, both domestic and foreign.Today, when exactly three years have passed since the first wine workshop held at the Jelena Šimić Valentić Wine School, Pupitres boutiqe of wine culture has opened its doors to the public. Great story and certainly new quality content in the city of Zagreb. By the way, Pupitres bar was created as a logical continuation of Jelena’s work in promoting wine culture and winemaking, especially Croatian indigenous varieties, Pupitres will offer wine workshops and education on wines, pairing wines with food, aromas, wine regions and famous wines from all over the world, which can be seen in the small wine library, wine shop, but also the wine list of the bar.”The wine list of Pupitres is carefully made and very rich, and I would say educational. It currently contains 248 wines, of which we offer as many as 21 champagnes, and I will refresh the menu. It is important to note that all wines from the menu are available to guests and by the glass. I will help each guest choose a wine and tell him a wine story about what he is tasting. Tattinger Prelude will be the champagne of the house and I recommend everyone to start or end the day with a glass of top quality champagne.”, said sommelier Jelena Simic Valentic. Jelena personally tasted and selected each wine from the menu. She took such an approach for all other offers, especially for breakfast, coffee, teas, raw cakes and small snacks with a selection of cheeses and prosciutto.But the most important thing is certainly the large offer of avina, which consists of 150 wines from Croatia from all over Croatia, as well as the fact that all wines are poured into a glass. “My vision and concept of Pupitres is a place I would personally love to come to if such a place ever existed. As a business woman, I often skip breakfast and decided to stack healthy meals at Pupitres. Every morning I will look for fresh fruit at Dolac, we offer specially selected cereals. We will change the offer according to my inspiration and seasons, but it will always be fresh, healthy and of high quality..” points out Šimić Valentić.Jelena Šimić Valentić is a sommelier and consultant with twelve years of experience in the hospitality industry, and the founder of Pupitres, the first wine culture boutique in Croatia. A year ago, thanks to a crowdfunding campaign, Jelena raised 127 kuna in five days to decorate the space of her Wine School, which was a great success. In less than three years, she held as many as 000 wine schools and workshops in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, and brought wine closer to people in a very special way.Zagreb is not only now in the main tourist season but also full of foreigners throughout the year, so I am desks conceived as a place for the promotion of Croatian wine. “I want to bring wine closer to each guest in a special way. ” concluded Šimić Valentić.
From February this year, Zagorje also received its tourist card – Zagorje Card, thanks to the Tourist Board of Krapina-Zagorje County.The tourist card is used to increase tourist spending and the sale of experiences and content throughout the county. Tourist card Zagorje Card is free, lasts five days from the day it is picked up, and offers a 10% discount on services in three categories: culture, gastronomy and spa, ie SPA offer.The idea for the Zagorje Card came about last year, and after half a year of preparation in February this year, Zagorje also received its tourist card, which in a short time proved to be a complete success, according to the Krapina-Zagorje County Tourist Board. “We currently have 25 stakeholders, but day by day there are new business tourism entities that want to get involved, which makes us very happy. We initially printed 5.000 cards, but as the response is better than expected, they will have to print new cards, which is great news. “Points out Martina Belina from the Krapina-Zagorje County Tourist Board and adds that the cards are printed in five different variants and motifs, and each card comes with a brochure listing all the stakeholders and their locations, so that tourists can better cope and inform about benefits offered by Zagorje Card.Great news for all tourism workers and tourists, both domestic and foreign, because most importantly, the whole story works great, ie there is demand, and therefore consumption. Rounded cycles and win-win to everyone’s satisfaction.Enjoy sightseeing of Zagorje museums and castles, traditional Zagorje cuisine or spend a day in one of our water parks with thermal water – the message is the Tourist Board of Krapina-Zagorje CountyZagorje card tourist card can be found in all tourist boards, information centers and hotels in the county, and a list of all stakeholders can be found HERE. Also, the Tourist Board of Krapina-Zagorje County invites all tourist entities to contact them if you want to join this great tourist story.
At the International Conference Accommodation Management Associations (VRMA) which took place in Las Vegas, Booking.com, announced key news for renters.In addition to the recent opening of a new business department dedicated exclusively to providing assistance to partners, Booking.com is also introducing new tools for partners that cover certain unique needs of this market segment. These tools stemmed from the feedback that Booking.com’s partners directly cited regarding the improvements that would benefit them most in their business.Olivier Grémillon, Vice President at Booking.com, spoke at the VRMA conference on the topic of Facility Managers and Online Travel Agencies (OTAs): Talking to Industry Leaders:Facility managers have been using Booking.com for years and their ongoing feedback has been key to developing our new products and services. With a million new registrations of homes, apartments and other unique accommodations in the past year, Booking.com is investing in technology, marketing and infrastructure to develop products that can bring higher revenue to facility managers, allowing them to focus their efforts on improving the guest user experience – which we then advertise to our global audience.”The features of the new product provide a diverse, personalized and unique platform that will help short-term lease partners make extensive changes and manage time-saving systems with the goal of a better customer-friendly experience.Group networking: Save time with Booking.com’s new feature called Group Networking, which includes a guest messaging system with templates and an automated schedule matching system that helps manage the facility.Batch editing tools: Apply changes to all of your objects with just a few clicks. With Booking.com’s new bulk change tools, which you can access through the Group Networking page, partners can set cancellation terms or special offers for all objects at once, including group cancellation terms, group promotional offers, and group house policies. Group action tools also allow partners to apply Booking.com’s business advice to all of their facilities in minutes via the ‘Recommendations’ page, which automatically (based on unique information about your facilities) determines the number of actions required for business Improvement.Guest management: The new tool gives you more control over who reserves units in your facility. You will be able to ask guests to enter certain information, such as phone number, address, number of previous stays with other Booking.com partners and more. In the event that something happens during the guest’s stay, with this new option, partners will be able to immediately report inappropriate guest behavior and block their ability to make new reservations.Your profile: A key part of the Booking.com experience is to show users why staying in your facility is a unique choice, as well as setting realistic expectations when it comes to staying. The new ‘Your Profile’ page allows partners to add personalized messages about themselves, their facility and the neighborhood in which the facility is located.Connectivity: Regardless of how they are connected, all options will be available to partners to manage their facilities, whether it is Booking.com Extranet, the Pulse mobile app or a connectivity service provider.In addition, Booking.com’s products are now available in the framework Press mobile applications for partners, and are directly connected to the software or channel managers used by the partner. New features, which you can see on the page propertymanagers.booking.com, give partners more control and include House rules, Bulk action tools and Trust & safety features.5,7 million added units in houses, apartments and unique accommodation facilities,Booking.com recently announced that it has reached 5,7 million added units in houses, apartments and unique accommodation facilities, which is the largest offer of units in this accommodation segment in the entire industry. The number of added units within this category on Booking.com increased by more than 20% compared to last year, which is faster growth than in the traditional options segment.Furthermore, the results of a recent Booking.com survey from 2017 on a sample of more than 57.000 passengers in 30 countries show that 35% of passengers plan to stay in a more casual type of facility in 2018, proving the high demand of users when it comes to -hotel accommodation.
Source: CBS In 2018, 519 thousand tourists stayed in non-commercial accommodation facilities in the Republic of Croatia, with 12,6 million overnight stays. Compared to 2017, that is 2% more arrivals and 5% more tourist nights, according to data from the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). On average, 24,3 overnight stays per tourist were realized. Domestic tourists spent on average 41,8 nights, and foreign tourists 17,7 nights. In the structure of total overnight stays of foreign tourists staying in non-commercial accommodation facilities, most overnight stays were realized by tourists from Slovenia (47%). They are followed by tourists from Bosnia and Herzegovina (13%), Germany (9%), Serbia (7%), Austria (4%) and Italy and Hungary (3% each). Tourists from other countries realized 14% of tourist nights. For the second year in a row, the highest number of tourist arrivals and overnight stays in non-commercial accommodation facilities was recorded in Zadar County (29% of arrivals and 33% of overnight stays). They are followed by Primorje-Gorski Kotar (24% of arrivals and 28% of overnight stays) and Istria County (18% of arrivals and 16% of overnight stays). In other counties, 29% of tourist arrivals and 23% of overnight stays were recorded. Zadar County recorded more than 4 million overnight stays in non-commercial accommodation The subject of the mentioned research were the owners of holiday homes and apartments, members of their families, other relatives and friends who stay in holiday homes and apartments, in the part of these facilities that is not rented to guests. In the structure of total realized tourist arrivals, 27% are domestic tourist arrivals, and 73% are foreign tourist arrivals, while in the structure of total realized overnight stays, 47% of overnight stays were realized by domestic tourists and 53% by foreign tourists. Traditionally the most numerous tourists from Slovenia
The social partners in tourism agreed to continue the implementation of the Collective Agreement on Hospitality
As the social partners, due to the current circumstances, have decided to initiate the extended application procedure when the conditions are met, the provisions of the signed Agreement and the current Collective Agreement on Hospitality apply only to HUP members. “The signed Agreement for employers in tourism and members of HUP – Association of Hospitality and Tourism is important not only for the continuity of employment at the branch level but also because of the need to regulate new opportunities such as “waiting” due to the impact of special circumstances on the hospitality industry. “Or downtime caused by the consequences of the corona crisis.”Point out from HUP Association of Hospitality and Tourism. The parties to the Agreement have determined that until April 30, 2021, part of Article 30 of the Collective Agreement on Hospitality will not apply, in the part which regulates the minimum gross salary in kuna without allowances for II, III, and IV groups of business complexity. Other articles of the Collective Agreement on Hospitality remain in force and apply until 31 December 2021. domestic collective agreement regulated differently than in the Collective Agreement of catering during the validity of these house annexes or agreements, their provisions for employees of that company will take precedence over the provisions of the Collective Agreement of Catering. That is, the new Agreement agreed to continue the application of the provisions of the Collective Agreement on Hospitality. In the case of employers who have domestic collective agreements, the amount of basic salaries, ie the amount of the salary base and the amount of salary compensation, are determined on the basis of negotiations between the trade union and the employer. In addition, as pointed out by HUP, the parties mutually determine that during the pandemic of the COVID-19 virus and its consequences on the business of the tourism sector, which jeopardized the business in the hospitality and tourism and partially and / or completely disrupted the employer’s business. consequently, due to the impossibility of securing work for the employee according to the concluded employment contract, the employee, for the period when he is not working, according to the decision of the employer is entitled to salary compensation in the amount of at least 50% of his basic salary. If the stated amount would be lower than the minimum wage prescribed by the Regulation on the minimum wage, the worker is entitled to the amount of the minimum wage. The agreement on the entry into force of the Collective Agreement on Hospitality is additionally important for employers due to the possibility of re-using the institute of redistribution for a maximum of 60 hours per week, which cannot be used without a collective agreement. Croatian Tourism and Services Union; On 8 June 2020, the Trade Union of Istria, Kvarner and Dalmatia and HUP – Association of Hospitality and Tourism concluded an Agreement repealing the Agreement on a moratorium on the provisions of the Collective Agreement of Hospitality signed on March 25, 2020. “As responsible social partners, we are aware of the gravity of the situation and the importance of agreements between employers and trade unions in order to primarily preserve jobs and thus ensure the business survival and recovery of the tourism sector. The Social Council for Tourism has given its support to the Government for everything that has been done so far, and the decision to continue support for workers’ salaries and the reprogramming of the permanent seasonal measure is especially important, which we have jointly appealed to. The tourism sector must be supported in order to bridge the period until the next tourist year, which can be achieved through stronger use of EU funds and funds to help tourism through wage subsidies. As social partners of the Government of the Republic of Croatia, we will continue talks in order to find the necessary solutions and provide support for workers’ salaries with the aim of preserving jobs by the spring of 2021.”Conclude from HUP Association of Hospitality and Tourism.
Croatia, Ecuador and Ghana are the latest bearers of the WTTC Seal for Safe Travel, recently launched by the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC). Find out more about the WTTC seal “Safe Travels” in the attachment, while a list of all countries that carry the WTTC safety seal can be found in HERE Since the launch of the WTTC Seal of Safe Travel, countries and cities around the world have adopted new WTTC protocols. As part of the Safe Travel Protocol, these global measures provide consistency and guidance to travel providers and travelers on a new approach to health, hygiene, deep cleansing and physical distance in the “new normal” world of COVID-19. “The continued success of the WTTC brand for safe travel shows its importance not only to countries, destinations and companies around the world, but also to key travelers, millions of people around the world who work and depend on them and together make a successful travel and tourism sector. The WTTC seal is crucial for restoring consumer confidence in our sector and assuring passengers to ensure that improved hygiene standards are in place. ” Gloria Guevara, President and CEO of WTTC, said their safe travel brand continues to thrive and she is pleased that more and more popular tourist destinations from all over the world are embracing their global health and hygiene protocols. The WTTC, which represents the global private travel and tourism sector, created the Safe Travel Trademark in May this year to enable travelers to identify destinations and businesses around the world that have adopted global standardized health and hygiene protocols. The protocols are designed based on the experience of WTTC members dealing with COVID19 and based on guidelines from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) has welcomed the WTTC trademark on safe travel, which makes passenger safety and hygiene a top priority. ‘Safe Travels’: Global Protocols & Stamp for the New Normal