Reaction Time This can be measured by computerised programmes that ask for a response as quickly as possible to a stimulus such as a sound or visual cue. Reaction time is a person’s speed of reaction to a stimulus. It depends on the efficiency of the nervous system (sensory and motor) and high percentage of fast twitch muscle fibres. Flexibility Sit and reach test for hamstring flexibility Turn a bench on its side, tape a ruler on top, sit with feet flat against the bench, legs straight and slowly reach forward as far as you can. The distance the fingertips reached on the ruler is recorded. Male Female High score 11cm and above 16cm and above Low score Less than -5cm less than 1cm Shoulder hyperextension test for the chest and shoulders Lie face down on the floor with arms stretched out in front, hold a metre rule with hands shoulder width apart. Raise your arms as high as possible, keeping your chin on the ground and stick parallel to the floor. The height is measured. Male Female High score 41cm and above 46cm and above Low score 0-10cm 0-15cm Body Composition Modern testing equipment can take skinfold measurement using calliper and reference tables. The BMI can also be used. BMI=Weight (kg)/Height squared (m2) Underweight – <20 Overweight – 25-30 Obese ->30 Physical fitness can be tested and assessed through various ways. Maximum Strength 1. The one repetition max test using free weights or multi-gym equipment. Add weight gradually to work to maximum you can lift. Allow recovery between each lift. 2. Hand grip dynamometer test is used to measure hand grip strength. The handle of the equipment is squeezed as hard as possible. The equipment will give readings of the strength of the grip. Muscular Power a. Standing Broad Jump – stand with feet comfortably apart behind a start line; bend knees, jump as far as possible. Measure the distance. b. Sergeant Jump – stand next to a wall, reach up with arm nearest to the wall, and mark the highest point you can reach with both feet planted on the ground. Chalk your fingertips and leap upwards marking the wall at the highest point. Measure the distance between marks. Muscular Endurance 1. Sit ups Test – measures muscular endurance of abdominal muscles. Lie on the floor with knees bent, hands across the chest and feet flat on the floor. Raise your trunk until your elbows are touching the knees. Then lower yourself to the floor again. Complete as many as possible within 30 seconds Men Women High Score >26 >23 Low Score <21 <17 2. Press-up Test – measures muscular endurance of chest and shoulder muscles. Complete as many as possible in 60 seconds. Speed 30m speed test. Mark the start line, then measure 30m from the start line, mark the finish line. Stand 20m behind the start line, get a partner to record your speed in seconds from the moment you cross the start line to the finish line. At go sprint as fast as you can from there to the finish. Men Women High Score <7.2 seconds <7.8 seconds Low Score>9.1 seconds >9.7 seconds Agility Illinois Agility 50m shuttle run test An area is marked for a shuttle including a start and a finish. Lying face down on the floor behind a starting line, leap to your feet and complete the designated course which involves running around a series of obstacles in the shortest time. Men Women High Score <15.9 seconds <17.8 seconds Low Score>18.8 seconds >23.4 seconds Balance Stork Stand Stand comfortably on both feet with hands on hips. Lift one leg and place the toes on the knee of the other. Raise the heel of the planted foot and stand on toes for as long as possible. High score – >49 seconds Low score – <10 seconds Coordination Alternate Hand Wall Toss Test Stand two metres from wall, toss a tennis ball from right hand to wall and catch it with your left hand. Repeat using alternate hand for 30 seconds. High score ->35 catches Low score – <20 catches
High Mountain Coffee Road Race 10K champion Dayne Graham said he had been plotting and training to defeat last year’s winner, Andrew Brodeur, for the last two years.Graham watched the American walk away with the top prize for two consecutive years.”For the last two years, I have been training and telling myself that I am going to come for that white guy big and serious, and I know that I was going to beat him because I need it. I know I was going to beat him because I have the energy, and everything and I did. I beat him today,” said Graham.”Nobody expected me to win, but I was confident in myself to know that I was going to win this race, no ifs, no buts. I know my feet are working and I am fit and in very good condition. That’s why I won this race,” he said.St Jago youngster Phaleetio Green led most of the journey up the hill, closely pursued by Broduer, who eventually passed him at the top of the hill and was eventually joined by Graham for the downhill trek.Graham and Brodeur stayed together for another two kilometres before Graham started making distance between them. By the time they left Kendal, Graham was almost 100m ahead of the defending champion, with about two kilometres to go.The St Mary native, showing remarkable energy and stamina, maintained his pace to finish in 32.28 minutes, 15 seconds, ahead of Kirk Brown (32.43), who overtook Broduer (32.44) on the final stretch to claim second.ALWAYS IN CONTROLGraham, who was third in 2015 and fourth in 2014, said that the American never gave him the challenge he expected and that he was always in control of the race.”I stayed with him; I had him. At one time, I had to give him some water because he didn’t have any water. I even ‘buss’ (opened) the water for him. I just had the race my way because I need it. I stayed beside him like I was tracking (jogging), and I had him from there as I saw that I could give a strong finish and take it.”Up on the hill, I saw I could handle him. When I was going downhill to the flat, I knew I would get him there because I am good there, and that is where I conquered him,” he said.Graham also had a lot of encouragement from the locals, especially females, on his way to victory.”The policeman (race guide) helped me a lot and I respect that,” he noted.Graham has been racing on the circuit for the last three years. His first success came in the 2015 Reggae Marathon, and Sunday’s win was the biggest of the 29-year-old’s career.”I have been doing it for three years. Never went to any big high school, but I just run same way. Then I linked up with Andrew Gutzmore, and he made me run some 5Ks until I got perfect, and right now, I am fit like a fiddle, so I won’t stop,” he said.Broduer, who flew in the day before, offered no excuses.”It was a little more pressure going in, winning the last couple of years. But it’s anybody’s race on any day,” he said.”They were just better. They had a lot better strategy going in and they executed perfectly. They did awesome,” Brodeur continued. “Usually, I have a little more spring in my step at about five or six K as that is where a winner makes his move, but all that room between me (and Graham) and I just had nothing to respond with. I was surprised to be in that position as I thought I was in much better shape.”
St Elizabeth Technical High School (STETHS) are on course for a third consecutive hold on the all-island ISSA/GraceKennedy Spalding Cup after ending day two of the three-day encounter in pole position against Excelsior at STETHS yesterday.Resuming on 64 for one in chase of Excelsior’s modest first-innings score of 121, STETHS went on to claim first-innings honours after making 219 in reply.Batting a second time and facing a 98-run deficit, Excelsior closed on 99 for five, a one-run lead.National Under-17 representative, Raewin Senior, with 43 not out, and wicketkeeper Shamarae Lindo, four, are the not-out batsmen for Excelsior.Earlier, STETHS were led to their total, courtesy of Jordan Hill (46) and national youth batsman AndrÈ McCarthy (27).Left-arm spinner Rushaun Riley led the bowling with four for 42, while off-spinners Orande Pearson, three for 75, and Orlando Rowe, two for 17, were the other successful Excelsior bowlers.”We are behind the eight ball, but we still have some good batters left in the hut,” said an optimistic Kirkland Bailey, coach of Excelsior High.”The aim from here, therefore, is to try and see if we can consolidate and get a lead of, say, between 150 and 180 and see what we can do from there.”STETHS’ captain Michael Frew said their aim is to remain in front.”We are in a good position. It is just for us to come tomorrow and get them out for as low a total as possible and go for the win,” said Frew.
The 37th running of the Burger King Superstakes over 2000 metres is the big event at Caymanas Park today, the nine-horse field including two-time winner TYPEWRITER and his arch rival PERFECT NEIGHBOUR, the two best distance horses in the country.While the $4.5 million Superstakes is the showpiece event of the afternoon, the mammoth 13-race programme will facilitate three other valuable sponsored races. These are the 27th running of the Glen Mills O.J. Caribbean Sprint Championship – in honour of world-renown track and field sprint coach Glen Mills, himself a long-time racing enthusiast; the Coca Cola Invitational Mile, with a purse of $1.25 million; and the Coca Cola 2-y-o Juvenile Sprint over 1300 metres for a purse of $1 million.TYPEWRITER, to again be ridden by big-race jockey Shane Ellis for trainer Spencer Chung and the Wayne DaCosta-trained PERFECT NEIGHBOUR under stable jockey Robert Halledeen, both represent class. And while others such as last year’s runner-up UNCLE TAF; FRANFIELD, who was fourth a year ago; and the DaCosta-trained HOVER CRAFT should prove competitive, I see it coming down to the big two.the race is definitely onSignificantly, the three-year-olds, in an unprecedented move, have bypassed the Superstakes, including derby winner SEEKING MY DREAM and stable-companion ALI BABA, who will instead run in the Invitational Mile. As a result, the race has lost some of its sheen, owing to the absence of the three-year-olds.Still, TYPEWRITER and PERFECT NEIGHBOUR should ensure the necessary fireworks to excite racing fans. When both horses last met over the distance in the Governor General’s Stakes on September 26, PERFECT NEIGHBOUR led home TYPEWRITER by 4 3/4 lengths in the fairly good time of 2:06.4, but he was in receipt of 4.0kg that day and now asked to sit level with TYPEWRITER (working very well), the race is definitely on.The fact that Wayne DaCosta has never won the Superstakes also puts a different spin on the race. PERFRECT NEIGHTBOUR was highly fancied to win a year ago but could only manage third.This remains the only major race that has eluded DaCosta in a long and distinguished training career, but he has the horse to finally break the jinx in PERFECT NEIGHBOUR, who ran on strongly to win the Alex’s Imports Gold Cup race over 1400 metres on October 17.”Perfect Neighbour is an exceptional horse,” said DaCosta.”He has done everything asked of him coming into this race, and given luck in running, is in the best condition of his career to win this prestigious race,” he added.Over the years, DaCosta has seen some of his best horses fall along the wayside in the Superstakes. The most celebrated was the 1996 Triple Crown winner, WAR ZONE, who, on the back of a record 12 consecutive wins, was thwarted by a muddy track, finishing third as the howling favourite to the Trinidadian horse ADORING GROOM and the celebrated claimer PRINCE AKEEM.Today, I expect the stretch-running PERFECT NEIGHBOUR to succeed where WAR ZONE failed by outfinishing his principal danger, TYPEWRITER, from below the distance.Other firm fancies on the programme are the impressive 3-y-o colt POKER STAR to upstage hat-trick seeker CAMPESINO in the Glen Mills Caribbean Sprint; Derby winner SEEKING MY DREAM (working brilliantly) over stable-companion ALI BABA and TIMEFORARMS in the Coca Cola Invitational Mile; the unbeaten ZUGULU in the Coca Cola 2-y-o Juvenile Sprint; as well as LONG RUNNING TRAIN in the fifth for overnight allowance horses.
Second win A dark bay colt by Natural Selection out of Millenium Princess, bred by the Y.S. (1955) Limited, FUTURE KING chalked up his second win from five starts, and is almost certain to be crowned Champion Two-Year-Old. “He has really come on nicely since finishing second to Sorrentino’s Star in the Pick-3 Super Challenge, and Halledeen rode him perfectly to my instructions,” said DaCosta. “‘I had two strong contenders in the race, but Dreamliner apparently found a mile taxing, and it was left to Future King to wear them down in deep stretch. He has now established himself as the winter book favourite for the classics in 2016. He has class, and I have high hopes for him,” said DaCosta, who duly won his 11th consecutive trainers’ championship. PERFECT NEIGHBOUR, installed a 4-5 favourite with Orlando Foster aboard, outduelled arch-rival TYPEWRITER (Nelson up) leaving the half mile to win the Harry Jackson by two lengths from the much-improved LONG RUNNING TRAIN (5-2), but had to survive an objection from the rider of LONG RUNNING TRAIN for crossing the three-year-old filly a furlong out. On a tough day for form, players who saw the Pick-9 consolation paid out on six of nine, PERFECT NEIGHBOUR was one of four marginal favourites to score on the 11-race programme, which attracted a bumper holiday crowd. FUTURE KING, running at odds of 5-1 with Robert Halledeen riding for trainer Wayne DaCosta, got up in the nick of time to beat NUCLEAR AFFAIR (5-1) by a neck in the 104th running of the Jamaica Two-Year-Old Stakes over a mile at Caymanas Park yesterday, the third and final race in the $11.5 million Supreme Ventures Triple Crown Series for native bred two-year-olds. For DaCosta, it was a day he will long remember, having saddled the island’s top distance horse PERFECT NEIGHBOUR as well to win the traditional Boxing Day supporting feature for the Harry Jackson Memorial Cup over 2400 metres for the second year in a row for owners Jeffrey Mordecai and Alfred Lee. DaCosta easily won his 15th trainers’ championship to become Jamaica’s leading all-time trainer with 15 titles, finally surpassing Hall of Famer Philip Feanny with 14. Significantly, FUTURE KING and PERFECT NEIGHBOUR are not only trained and owned by the same connections, but are groomed by the veteran Alphanso Edwards. The cream of the crop contested the SVL Jamaica Two-Year-Old stakes and punters made the recent Pick-3 Super Challenge winner SORRENTINO’S STAR, with outgoing champion jockey Dane Nelson riding for Feanny, a strong favourite at 8-5 in a 15-horse field. But after racing in touch approaching the home turn SORRENTINO’S STAR flattened out to finish fifth. FUTURE KING, meanwhile was held off the early pace in midfield as ZUGULU (7-1) led for the first half mile before giving way to the DaCosta-trained DREAMLINER (5-1) under four-time champion jockey Omar Walker. But DREAMLINER came under pressure from several horses a furlong out. NUCLEAR AFFAIR (Aaron Chatrie) pointed on the rails but he was nabbed by the fast-finishing FUTURE KING within shades of the wire.
SYDNEY, Australia (CMC): West Indies head coach Phil Simmons is urging his players to “keep fighting” when the third and final Test against Australia enters its fourth day. The entire third day’s play was washed out Tuesday at the Sydney Cricket Ground, leaving West Indies on 248-7 in a match marred by inclement weather. Carlos Brathwaite’s entertaining 69 was the highlight of West Indies innings, which was affected by rain during the first two days, particularly the second day when only 68 balls were bowled. “I think we have seen, in the last three days of cricket (including in Melbourne in the second Test) we’ve had, we’ve improved, and our batting seems to be thinking about it more and fighting a little bit harder to not give the Aussies wickets,” Simmons told reporters. Brathwaite’s counterattacking 69, following his bold 59, has earned him a place in the record books as the second batsman in Test history to score half centuries in his first two matches batting at No. 8. The only other batsman to achieve the feat was Australian wicketkeeper Sammy Carter against England in 1907. “There is a lot of light (at the end of the tunnel) with the players and I think you can mention (Kraigg and Carlos Brathwaite) because they have got runs,” said Simmons. “The way how (Darren) Bravo has batted in all the Test matches. The way (Rajendra) Chandrika has looked. He hasn’t gone on to a big score but the way he looked early on.” Showers are also forecast for the fourth day, but officials are hoping the rain would not be significant enough to affect the chances of play. The weather forecast is for improved conditions, but there is still some rain in the atmosphere. “I think we need to see how much play we get tomorrow first,” he said. “One side is telling me there is showers again in the morning and now I’ve just heard there may be showers in the afternoon too, so we’ve just got to see what happens tomorrow, then we go from there.”
He may be a few months away from his 30th birthday and is still bothered by a serious case of scoliosis, but six-time Olympic champion Usain Bolt has no doubt that he still has a lot left in the tank – a point he hopes to prove this season.With the Rio Olympics just around the corner, Bolt will be looking to qualify for his fourth Olympic Games and successfully defend the 100m, 200m, and 4x100m relay gold medals he won almost four years ago in London.The double world record holder has been very clear about his objectives this season; protect his gold medals and lower his 19.19 world record in the 200m.But is that too much to ask?Bolt doesn’t seem to think so as he points to his poor run of injury-affected seasons and underlined that an uninterrupted 2016 campaign could truly bring out the best in him.”I personally think that I can get better. I haven’t had a good season since 2009, a season that I haven’t gone without injuries or problems, so if I can get through on a clear note, then anything is possible,” Bolt said.It’s perhaps no coincidence that 2009 was the year that the triple gold medal winner – from last year’s World Championships in Beijing – set new marks in the 100m (9.58) and 200m (19.19).He, says, however, that he is approaching the coming season with a positive outlook and noted that he had seen several areas in his technique with room for improvements.”It’s all about staying positive,” said Bolt.”I think I am more focused because over the years I have seen ways where I can improve, and that’s why I have always said that I am more likely to run faster over the 200m because I see where I can improve and I have talked to my coach, so it’s possible,” Bolt added.”It’s all about staying injury-free and staying on top of things and trying to get through the season and push myself towards my targets.”Since running 19.19 seconds over the 200m in 2009, Bolt’s fastest time in the event has been 19.32 seconds, which he did at the 2012 Olympic Games. He has since ended seasons with 19.66 (2013) and 19.55 (2015). He did not run any 200m races in 2014.
MUCH TO CHEER ABOUT Things didn’t get better for United, who lost the game 2-1, but as FLOW’s head of marketing and products Carlo Redwood, underlined, Manchester United and football fans in general will have much to cheer about as this partnership unfolds. “We are now the official sponsors of Manchester United in the Caribbean, and that’s a huge deal for us. It’s a partnership that allows us to connect with our customers in unique ways. Manchester United is the most popular football club in Jamaican and the region and it was important to partner with a brand like Manchester United. It allows us to provide new and exciting experiences for our customers,” Redwood said. “A key part of the arrangement is geared towards development of football in Jamaica and the Caribbean. We are working through the specifics of how we will make that happen in Jamaica and the Caribbean, but we will be seeing programmes rolling out in terms of coaching and in terms of different elements of developing football in Jamaica and the region,” Redwood added. FLOW subscribers can also download a free co-branded mobile app, which will feed them with content related to the club. This is also available through SMS subscription. FLOW will also have exclusive distribution rights of the dedicated MUTV channel in the region, allowing subscribers to get access to exclusive Manchester United programming as well as behind-the-scenes access to the club, starting with the upcoming 2016-17 Premier League season. Manchester United legend in attendance. Check. Why stop there? Let’s bring in Manchester United’s mascot, ‘Fred the Red’ as well. Check. A Manchester United game on big screen (even if it was only a Europa League loss to lowly Midtjylland). Check. Telecommunications company FLOW has scored a heck of a deal and they went all out to make that point, certainly ticking all the right boxes yesterday as they launched their ground-breaking multi-year partnership with Barclays Premier League giants Manchester United. Despite their current sporting struggles, the ‘Red Devils’ remain one of – if not the most – recognisable brands in world football and FLOW’s ‘Official Sponsor’ tag will certainly excite their disciples in Jamaica and the region. The deal, which was originally announced several weeks ago, follows the company’s securing of the exclusive broadcast rights for the Barclays Premier League, starting next season, and will include, among other things, engagement opportunities for fans and other programmes geared at the development of the sport in the region. Andy Cole, who scored 93 goals in 195 games for Manchester United and who is also known as half of a fearsome strike partnership with another United legend, Dwight Yorke, was introduced to deafening cheers with the ‘ManU’ mascot Fred also getting his fair share of lens time with the specially invited guests who had packed the aptly-themed Spanish Court Hotel lounge. “It’s (the partnership) fantastic! The Caribbean market is massive, especially when it comes to football, and for FLOW to get involved with Manchester United, it’s a great partnership. It’s just starting out, but, no doubt, it will go from strength to strength, not just here, but right across the Caribbean,” Cole beamed before a quick glance at a television monitor to his right as he checked the score – 1-1 at the top of the second half.
TOTTENHAM (4-2-3-1)LLORIS,WALKER, ALDERWEIRELD, WIMMER, DAVIES,DIER, ALLI,SON, ERIKSEN, CHADLI,KANEARSENAL (4-2-3-1)GIROUD,CAMPBELL, OZIL,WALCOTT,COQUELIN, RAMSEY,MONREAL,MERTESACKER, GABRIEL, BELLERIN,OSPINABoth Arsenal and Tottenham Hotspur lost on Wednesday night meaning that they go into this North London derby in third and second place respectively.Spurs could have gone top against West Ham United on Wednesday but the 1-0 loss at the Boleyn Ground leaves them three points behind leaders Leicester City.But Arsenal were also disappointing, losing 2-1 at home to struggling Swansea City and, after the defeat at Manchester United, have now lost back-to-back Premier League games for the first time since November 2014.The Gunners have now gone four games without a win in all competitions and are now third and six points behind leaders Leicester.But this game has a history of draws; of the previous 23 Premier League meetings at White Hart Lane 10 have been stalemates, with Spurs winning eight and losing five. Indeed, Spurs have won four of the last six, all with a 2-1 scoreline.The teams have met twice already this season. In September, in the Capital One Cup the Gunners beat Spurs 2-1 with Mathieu Flamini netting twice. But when they played each other at the Emirates Stadium Harry Kane scored the opener for the visitors before Kieran Gibbs scored what proved to be the equaliser.Kane has scored Spurs’ last three league goals against Arsenal; he also netted both goals in the 2-1 win over the Gunners in this game last season.Spurs miss Moussa Dembele and Jan Vertonghen. Arsenal, meanwhile, have lost goalkeeper Petr Cech and Laurent Koscielny for the derby and are still without Santi Cazorla, Jack Wilshere and Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain, who could all be missing for most, if not, the rest of the season.
Dr Warren Blake, president of the Jamaica Athletics Administrative Association (JAAA), says Jamaica’s 86-medal haul at the recent Carifta Games comes as no surprise.Jamaica equalled their record medal haul from the previous year, winning a whopping 42 gold, 28 silver and 16 bronze.They also broke three field events and one track record in the process.Blake was present at the welcome-home press conference held inside the VIP Lounge at the Norman Manley International Airport on Tuesday.”The future really looks very good; the assign athletes have performed really well, and as usual, we have topped the medal table yet again and in terms of our overall medal performance, this is one of our better performances,” said the president, adding that the dominance at CARIFTA is now routine.”It shows that people respect our brand and value the training that we give to our athletes and that as you see year in, year out quite a number of athletes from other territories come to Jamaica to benefit from the training that is offered here, not just the physical training, but the mental training as well, and I think it’s something very good for us here in Jamaica and for the Caribbean,” he pointed out.When asked if it was a concern that no Jamaican athlete was selected for the Austin Sealy Award for the best young athlete of the championships, he said he was a little surprised.”This year, I was a little surprised at the choice of the athlete. This is not to take anything away from the winner because the winner really did very well in breaking Kashawn Walcott’s javelin record, but we had people who broke records as well and won more than one gold, so that is something that we will be bringing up and speaking to NACAC (North America Central America Caribbean Association) about,” Blake told The Gleaner.Grenada’s Anderson Peters was presented the Austin Sealy award at the 45th Carifta Games as the most outstanding athlete. The host country’s athlete produced a winning throw of 78.28m on the second round on Saturday.The last Jamaican to win the award was Yohan Blake in 2007.